A powerful Mediterranean cyclone known as a "medicane" and named Detlef formed on 11 November, just north of the coast of Algeria. Medicanes are a sort of hybrid between tropical and midlatitude cyclones and feature a shallow warm-core structure.
For more, see this Severe Weather Europe post.
Detlef ultimately merged with another midlatitude cyclone, forming a strong system that sat over the Tyrrhenian Sea between Sardegna, Sicily, and mainland Italy from 0000 UTC Tuesday 12 November through 0300 UTC Wednesday 13 November. This resulted in an extended period of southwesterly flow over the Adriatic, driving water into the Venice region. Below is a 3-hour GFS forecast valid at 2100 UTC Tuesday 12 November (1000-mb wind vectors) illustrating the situation, with a very long fetch extending northwestward up the Adriatic Sea to Venice.
|St. Marks Square, Venice. Source: Marco Bertorello/Getty Images, https://slate.com/news-and-politics/2019/11/venice-italy-pictures-video-underwater-flood-storm.html|
It will be exhibit A in the battle against sea level rise in the coming decades and centuries. What will happen to great cities like this in the future?
You want snow, head to the Alpine Divide along the Austrian-Italian border and points south. Below is the current snow depth analysis from ZAMG (the Austrian Weather Service) and the Tyrol-Südtirol-Trentino avalanche services. As usual, there are large altitudinal gradients in snowfall, but cherry picking a few observations reveals 184 cm at Rettenbachferner (2970 m) near Sölden, 123 cm at Schnalls Teufelsegg (3035) in the Italian Otztal Alps, and 93 cm at Abtei Piz la lla (2050 m) in Alta Badia, Italy.
This is just the start. Below is the snowfall forecast through Sunday morning showing 70-90 cm more for the higher elevations of the Dolomites and 50-70 cm for the higher elevations of the Ötztal and Tux Alps southwest and southeast of Innsbruck, respectively. Forecast totals are highest south of the Alpine divide and north of Lienz.
I'm starting to think of booking a trip. You should pitch in to cover the costs so I can take the Steenburgh effect with me.